In May 1969, on the recommendation of Minister of National Health and Welfare John Munro, the Government of Canada appointed a Commission of Inquiry into the Non-Medical Use of Drugs. The commission became known as the Le Dain Commission after its chairman, Dean Gerald Le Dain. The 320-page Interim Report of the commission, published in April 1970, marked a turning point in official North American thinking about psychoactive drugs in general-and about marijuana in particular. The commission’s Final Report is scheduled for publication in 1972.
In April 1967, the Advisory Committee on Drug Dependence of the United Kingdom Home Office appointed a subcommittee under Baroness Wootton of Abinger (formerly Barbara Wootton, a member of the House of Commons) to inquire into marijuana and hashish use in the United Kingdom. Her eleven fellow members included several of Britain’s most eminent drug authorities. The report of the subcommittee, published in 1968, confirmed in all substantial respects the findings of the Indian Hemp Drugs Commission, the Panama Canal Zone investigations, and the LaGuardia Committee report.
In 1939, at the request of Mayor Fiorello LaGuardia of New York City, the New York Academy of Medicine established a committee composed of eight physicians, a psychologist, and four New York City health officials. The committee studied marijuana smoking both under natural conditions in the city’s “tea pads” and other marijuana centers, and in the laboratory. Its report was published in 1944, and reprinted in The Marijuana Papers (Indianapolis: Bobbs-Merrill, 1966). This report is second only to the Indian Hemp Drugs Commission report in scope and thoroughness, and explores many areas of interest not considered by the Indian report. It is of particular contemporary importance because the pattern of marijuana smoking in New York City in the late 1930s that it describes was quite similar in many respects to the national pattern of marijuana smoking today.
The Panama Canal Zone Military Investigations (1916-1929)
A succession of military boards and commissions inquired into marijuana smoking by American military personnel stationed in the Canal Zone, beginning in 1916 and concluding with a full-scale investigation in 1929 under the chairmanship of Colonel J. F. Siler, M.D., of the Army Medical Corps. Sitting with him were two lieutenant colonels, a major, a naval commander, and the chief of the Canal Zone’s Board of Health Laboratory. Colonel Siler and his associates reported the findings of their own and earlier Canal Zone investigations in the Military Surgeon in 1933 (volume 73, pages 269-280).
This 3,281-page, seven-volume report, published in Simla, India, in 1893-1894, has been justly called “the most complete and systematic study of marijuana undertaken to date.” 1 The seven commissioners–– four of them British and three of them Indian, including one rajah–– secured testimony on every aspect of cannabis use from 1,193 witnesses. A digest of the findings of the Commission by Dr. Tod H. Mikuriya can be found in the Spring 1968 issue of the International Journal of the Addictions. A reprint of the final (Summary) volume, edited by Professor John Kaplan of the Stanford University Law School, was published by the Jefferson Press, Silver Springs, Maryland, in 1969.
Prenatal marijuana exposure and neonatal outcomes
Ganja in Jamaica, the effects of marijuana use (paperback)
The use of Marihuana, a Psychological and Physiological Inquiry (paperback)
Neuropsychologic, intellectual, and personality correlates of chronic marijuana use in native Costa Ricans.
The Consumer’s Union Report on Licit and Illicit Drugs
ACLU’s The War on Marijuana in Black and White
Marijuana and Medicine, Assessing the Science Base
Federal Judicial Ruling on Marijuana
On the Drug Problem in the Americas
An End to Marijuana Prohibition
The case for legalisation
Busted: America’s War on Marijuana
Weed Whackers: The anti-marijuana forces, and why they’re wrong
Information and Propaganda about Marijuana from Government Sources
“The Anti-Drug” This website is used to dispense anti-marijuana propaganda and is operated by the Office of National Drug Control Policy